07 characteristics of the modern era renaissance

07 characteristics of the modern era renaissance
The Renaissance period is actually a bridge or bridge between the medieval and modern times. Renaissance is a symbol of the new intellectual state of mind that gradually brought Europe to the door of modernity. The period of the Renaissance is generally kept from the middle of the fourteenth century AD to the middle of the sixteenth century AD, ie roughly between 1350 AD and 1550 AD.

Literally, Renaissance means the re-awakening of an old dormant historical process. In Europe, the term ‘Renaissance’ was used initially (which has now become rigid) for this period because writers and thinkers in this period showed their interest in studying the disciplines of ancient Greece and Rome and in their new thinking Used many symbols of that period. But the word ‘Renaissance’ is not a true sign of the inner state of the Renaissance period in Europe.

07 characteristics of the modern era renaissance
07 characteristics of the modern era renaissance
The Renaissance was only on a superficial level, like the iceberg whose significant and large part is buried under the surface in water. In the Renaissance period, Europe was in fact undergoing an internal transformation that contained the seeds of a new thought, which later developed to become the basis of a new era – the ‘modern period’. The waves of thought in the backdrop of the Renaissance opened the closed windows of the space of modernity. Historian J.E. In the words of Sven (A History of Word Civilization), ‘Renaissance’ is a collective term that encompasses all intellectual changes that appear in the late medieval and early modern periods.

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07 characteristics of the Renaissance era
What were the characteristics of the Renaissance era? There are three pillars of the Renaissance era, which are also the basic elements of modernity, and the beginning of the modern period in the history of any country is considered from there when such elements start appearing there. These are the three pillars: (1) Humanism, ie the belief in the eternal possibilities of independent development of the human personality; (2) Rationalism or prudence-independent independent thinking; And (3) scientific state of mind, that is, not to accept any working relationship in the physical world without proof or proof.
The aforementioned points illustrate a clear rebellion against the medieval tradition, though
In the Renaissance era, this rebellion was expressed in relatively covert or disguised form (in religious symbols).

Hence the Renaissance is not called an era of intellectual rebellion, but an era of intellectual research. However, the inner mindset of the Renaissance era was gradually observing the religious hegemony of the medieval era and igniting society towards an independent thinking system in which the sources of humanism, rationalism and scientific thought were contained in the seed form. That historian Davis has written that, “The word Renaissance symbolizes the birth of the freedom-loving and adventurous idea of ​​man; This idea was in the grip and prison of religious hegemony in the medieval period. In the words of historians Majenis and Apple (history of the world), “This new era, which is known as the Renaissance period, did not come suddenly but it developed gradually over a long period of time.” But there was many evidence of the fact that the Renaissance period was actually the new era.

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In the medieval period, the thought of man in Europe was beset by two types of bondage: first, the ideas and way of life propounded by the Church and the bishops had to be accepted blindly, otherwise the punishment of treason had to be paid. Second, the feudal manor system ) Had to accept their self-oriented conservative mindset due to being economically dependent on the feudal lords and vassals, otherwise there was a danger of being unemployed. In the medieval period, man was not an independent entity, but he was merely a part or a tool of religious, social, political and economic units, pressing in this process – human conscience, self-respect and independent thinking. In the Renaissance period man became conscious and conscious of these fundamental rights, and he was inspired by the cultures of ancient Greek and Rome. Incidentally, during this period, Europe was undergoing such a social and economic change, due to which the lines of control of the church and the feudal lords were getting loose.

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07 characteristics of the Renaissance era
01 Humanism

One of the main distinguishing elements of the Renaissance is humanism. Humanism was a natural rebellion of the medieval religion-centered and otheristic mind state, which was making the individual indifferent to his or her real life. In other words, it was a rebellion of human instinctive, living consciousness towards medieval inertia. Humanism awakened the individual’s life expectancy and focused his actions and contemplation on the temporal and physical rise of the present life. In the Renaissance era, humanists took inspiration from the attitude of positive interest in the classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Francesco Patrarch of Italy (1307–1374) is considered the pioneer of humanism. He depicted for the first time in his literary works the place of religious themes, the natural beauty of nature and the deep feelings of man’s cosmic love. After Petrarch there were many humanist thinkers in Italy and other countries of Europe,

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